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SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH

SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH is a peer-reviewed (refereed) and open access journal. IJELLH is indexed with  Google Scholar and  Academia. SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH has been granted new Online ISSN: 2582-3574 and Print ISSN: 2582-4406.

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SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH
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Volume 7, Issue 3, March 2019
Topic: Volume 7, Issue 3, March 2019
SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH
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 Volume 7, Issue 1, January 2019 Published:  January 2019
Topic: Volume 7, Issue 1, January 2019
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Volume 7, Issue 2, February 2019 Published:  February 2019
Topic: Volume 7, Issue 2, February 2019
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Volume 7, Issue 4, April 2019
Topic: Ijellh
Virginia Woolf and Anita Desai become two distinguished women writers from different countries and milieus. Virginia Woolf came from a distinguished literary family in London. Her father Sir Leslie Stephan, worked as the editor of the Dictionary of National Biography and the Cornhill Magazine. As a writer, Leslie Stephan authorized a number of biographical and philosophical essays. Woolf’s mother, Julia Stephan, was known for her beauty and royal mien. Consequently, Virginia Woolf and her...
Topic: Perspective
From evolutionary to revolutionary, from conciliatory to belligerent, from co-operation to non cooperation, India’s freedom for struggle had unpredictable oscillations. Once jewel in the crown of British Empire became an Achilles hill. The insurmountable challenges from domestic and international arena made British Empire take a somber decision to Divide and Quit. This paper highlights the British cabinet mission to India and how it ended in a fiasco ultimately collapsing the bridge between...
Topic: Manish Tongo
“Punjab is not just a state. It is a state of mind... It is sometimes hard to find out where politics ends and religion begins.”- M.V.Kamath1 The Operation Blue Star is considered as one among the major political as well as historical events witnessed by the Indian state ever since independence. And like all major historical events are narrated based on the dynamics of locatedness of the author and the receptive tendency of the targeted audience, the narration of the Operation Blue Star...
Topic: PRANJAL PROTIM BARUA
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The present paper titled “Erasing The long silence in Shashi Deshpande’s That Long Silence” aims at studying the novel by applying some of the themes of existentialism. Introduction to the paper is with the brief note on the theories of existentialism. Existentialism can be defined as the philosophy of man with his entire struggle to live and know the meaning of his living. The well-known existentialist thinkers are Karl Jaaspers, Gabriel Marcel, Martin Heideggar and Jean Paul Satre. Jean...
Topic: Shashi Deshpande’s
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The superfluous and malice behavior summoned out to the untouchables in India has been an issue of enormous concern. They have been undergoing the inexorable humiliation at the hands of the so called higher classes of Indian society. Concurrence of political independence has not improved their social status. Untouchables, referred as scheduled caste have been assigned the name “Harijan” by the father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi. Now a day’s these groups refer to themselves as Dalits...
Topic: Arundhati Roy’s
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by IJELLH
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This Paper Focuses on a major problem likely to occur in Indo-Russian foreign policy leveraged by internal policy contradictions the Russia is facted with the foreign policy experts are facing baffling situation as to share what shape the indo-Russian foreign policy would take in view of festimently changing international political enlivenment with regard to co-operation and co-ordination in the arena of myriad strategic developments and on the other hand the native factors in case of Russia...
Topic: INDO-RUSSIAN
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by IJELLH
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Emotions are subjective feelings, showing great individual differences. Some individuals are less and others are more emotional. Besides, each developmental stage has its characteristic features of emotionality. Adolescence is one such stage where emotionality may have important consequences. Seeing its relevance emotionality was undertaken in this study with the assumption that it may have an impact on coping strategies adolescents use for dealing with their concerns. Regression analyses...
Topic: Emotionality
The Partition of India and Pakistan was the most horrible event in the history of Asian  continent in twentieth century. This inhumane event changed the life of innumerable people  and many of them even lost their lives. The aftermath of the partition left the people into an  era where there was chaos, anxiety, sorrow and devastation. This paper makes an attempt to analyze the psychological condition of women sufferers  during the partition. It can be said that the women and girls were the...
Topics: Bhisham, Psychological
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The Partition of India was the route of separating the sub-continent along parochial lines in 1947 as India achieved its independence from British Empire. It led into a Muslim dominating northern state of Pakistan and Hindu predominating southern part became the Republic of India. Partition however demolished both India and Pakistan as it averted many lives in riots, rapes, murders and looting but also about 15 million people were displaced from their homes. The two countries commenced their...
Topic: Retrospective
The present study tries to establish the role of Octavia Butler in the genre of science fiction. Slavery was the most often recurring theme of her fiction. Science fiction gave her literary freedom to discuss the matters which she thought to be important. The study analyses how Butler handles the genre of science fiction in her own way and examines how Butler was attracted to the genre and how she made use of the infinite possibilities of the same. Four novels of Butler, Wild Seed, Kindred,...
Topic: Octavia
Rohinton Mistry was born and brought up in Mumbai in the mid fifty’s, migrated to Canada at the age of 23. Mistry belongs to that class of the Indian authors who shifted their base from India to somewhere else but throughout their lives continue missing their mother land. We can easily recall a beautiful song of the movie “Namste London” which says “Main Jahan rahoon main kahin bhi rahoon Teri yaad saath he” means “where ever I am but your memories are always there with me.”
Topic: DOI: https://doi.org/10.24113/ijellh.v1i1.6
The Interpreter of Maladies, internal structure determines the significance of both its technical and artistic elements, such as themes, symbols and images. The introduction must immediately draw the reader in and pique their interest by establishing the emotional tone of the narrative, setting the scene, creating the atmosphere and locating the characters in a specific time and place. One of the most prominent features of Lahiri’s stories is her short, tooth- point opening sentences, which...
Topic: Techniques
This paper examines the various roles of culture in language teaching with the aim of increasing awareness for English teachers. Graves (2001) claims that culture is receiving increasing attention; Hymes (1972) views it as communicative competence; Larsen-Freeman (2001) as a fifth skill in addition to reading, writing, speaking and listening; and Kramsch (1993) as not just a fifth skill or even an aspect of communicative competence but the underlying dimension of all one knows and does....
Topics: Strategies, Classrooms
India has a rich cultural history and continues to preserve it beautifully. India has accepted gracefully the good qualities of different religions which led to the rise of many different cultures in this mystical sub-continent. Different rulers and empires came here and ruled and left behind a rich legacy of their cultural heritage. The Indian cultural history is very rich and has carved a niche of its own. It continues to inspire other cultures of the world. Every state in India has a culture...
Topics: Poor Acceptance, Rich Culture
Today, it is said that the colonial age is over, and the new age is called “postcolonial”. However, the traces of colonialism can still be observed in the postcolonial period, for colonialism opened a big wound in the psychology, culture and identity of the once colonized people. Thus, the major themes in the works written in the postcolonial period have been the fragmentation and identity crisis experienced by the once colonized peoples and the important impacts of colonialism on the...
Topic: Caribbean Populace
HR has an important role of play in Organisational Culture, as it is the people who work for the organization, who embrace and develop a particular culture within the organization, any desired changes to the culture of the organization has been made through the people and by the people. HR provides the organization with effective means of facilitating an organizational culture. The present study focuses on the positive significant relationship between HRM practices and organizational culture in...
Topic: DOI: https://doi.org/10.24113/ijellh.v1i1.4
AmitavGhosh is a world renowned Indian author and novelist known for his works in the English language. His writing often shows an amalgamation of cultures expressed through the use of various languages. He has received numerous awards for his works in the year 2007,he was awarded the PadamShri by the Government of India. His writings are unique and contributed a lot to Indian writing in English.The Shadow Lines is one of such writings,a highly innovative novel. It received the prestigious...
Topic: Illusion
Education is the backbone of a civilized society. Values have an important role in education system of any society. Most important thing is that, education should be based on some core values of human being like truthfulness, honesty, justice, good behavior etc. Only this can help a society to maintain a peaceful atmosphere. As all human beings are social animals, so this is the duty of every human being to obey their social responsibility. Mahamana Malaviyaji is one of those great...
Topic: Educatio
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The fifties of the twentieth century saw an upsurge of tremendous anti-imperialistic and anti-colonial revolutionary upheavals, and the socio-political, religious and psychological turmoil of the Africans find a graphic reflection in the novels of Ngugiwa Thiong’o. Ngugi’s novels provide a mirror to the chaos of the period, highlighting all the conflicts and passions of human drama coupled with historical objectivity. Through his powerful usage of language, he exhibits his personal and...
Topic: Discord
Born in London, Lahiri moved to Rhode Island as a young child with her Bengali parents. Although they have lived in the United States for more than thirty years, Lahiri observes that her parents retain a sense of emotional exile and she herself grew up with conflicting expectations. Her abilities to convey the oldest cultural conflicts in the most immediate fashion and to achieve the voices of many different characters are among the unique qualities that have captured the attention of a wide...
Topic: Dilemma
SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH
by Dr. Neeta Sharma
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This paper makes a survey of the importance of soft skills in the lives of students’  at the college level and after college. This paper discusses how soft skills complement hard skills, which are the basic  requirements of a job the student is trained to do. The paper exhorts educators/faculties to take special responsibility regarding soft skills, because during students’ university time, educators/faculties plays a major role on the development of their students’ soft skills....
Topic: Knowledge
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by SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH
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Communication is a process of sharing information through speech, writing, gestures or symbols between two or more people. The focus of the present paper is oral communication and the language under consideration is English. The teacher should adopt a student centered approach. The learners should be encouraged to do things in the class which result in developing their communication skills. The trainer has to focus on both the linguistic and paralinguistic features of the communication process...
Topic: https://doi.org/10.24113/ijellh.v1i1.3
“Chetan Bhagat” is the writer of five bestselling novels in Indian writing in English. He is the writer of young generation and he has raised problems of youth through his novels.This paper attempts the differences of the various cultures and different religion existing in India being portrayed in his novels. The research shows the actual picture of the society where vividness and then unity has come up in a shape. 
Topic: https://doi.org/10.24113/ijellh.v1i1.2
The present paper entitled ‘A Study of the significance of Using Newspaper as an instrument to develop Reading and Comprehension Skills for Learning English as a Second Language’ states the issue of using an important media, namely newspapers (both printed and electronic variety) as a source of not only getting access to information but also an effective way of learning and mastering the English language. The main purpose of this study is to cultivate extensive reading habit in English as...
Topic: Comprehension Skills
It is generally accepted and sometimes proved also that feminine voices always have been subjected to domination. The domination may be by men or by women themselves. In Whitman’s “A Woman Waits for Me’, the male voice rules over the female. The poet uses women as a machine that produces “perfect men and women” who well-serve his purpose of patriotism. He sings lauding of sex, the play that brings races in the world. He chooses worthy women. In the whole poem a male voice dominates...
Topics: Prof. Sayantan Pal, Feminine Voices
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 “Chetan Bhagat” is the writer of young generation. He is the writer of modern India and he has put up many problems of youth through his novels. This research paper attempts the differences of the cultures and inter caste marriages in India being portrayed in his novels. The research shows the actual picture of North and South India where the parents of the hero and the heroine think more about the society and its custom and rituals instead of the happiness of their children.
Topic: https://doi.org/10.24113/ijellh.v1i1.5
SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH
by Seyed Jalal AbdolmanafiRokni, Hosein Porasghar, Zahra Taziki
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The aim of this mixed-method study was to explore the effect of peripheral learning on spelling skill of EFL learners. Two intact classes were selected and randomly divided into two groups, namely experimental and control groups. They were on the same level of proficiency studying English at SiminLanguage Institute in Qaemshahr, Iran. Before starting the treatment, a spelling test was administered to both groups as pretest. Then, as treatment, the experimental group was exposed to realia,...
Topic: Peripheral
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The Rural development generally refers to the process of improving the quality of life and economic welfare of people living in relatively isolated and sparsely populated areas. Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) is considered as a “Silver Bullet” for eradicating rural poverty and unemployment, by way of generating demand for productive labour force in villages. It provides an alternative source of livelihood which will have an impact on reducing migration,...
Topic: Rural Development
Where Shall We Go This Summer? (1975) can be labelled as Anita Desai’s innovative experimentation in blending the human mind with the spoken and the written word. Language and literature, in the mind of a creative writer can productively be coalesced and bonded especially while delineating the intricacies and inaccessible depths of a human being’s mind. The central protagonist of Where Shall We Go This Summer? Sita, is a highly self-conscious woman whose narcissistic tendencies make it...
Topic: Anita Desai’s
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The paper deals with the pedagogical change and curricular innovation required to develop holistic learners. The teacher has to break the barriers of traditional approach and become a facilitator to develop the four language skills i.e. listening, speaking, reading and writing .The teacher needs to develop autonomy in the curriculum and go beyond the textbook and be pragmatic in pedagogical approach. My seventeen years of experience in teaching language and communication skills to the...
Topic: Ms. Vanitha Singireddy
In the present-day world the suppressed people come forward from their marginalized position and try to voice out their concerns. This in turn has a remarkable strength on the writings of this age. The consciousness of the writings has also become multi-dimensional where a character is supposed and is offered with all the follies as well as noble qualities. A close look at the contemporary literary development expose the reality that the spectator’s point of view is getting old-fashioned, and...
Topics: S.Suganya, Marginalized, Women
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A study of individuality in R.W.Emerson’s writings
Topic: Aravind Babu Chilukuri
Abstract This paper will attempt to redefine the notion of the body as a cultural signifier through Salman Rushdie’s celebrated novel Midnight’s Children ( 1980). Down the ages, postcolonial subjects have been objects of ‘’difference’ or ‘otherness’. One of the principal ways in which this ‘otherness’ is perpetuated has been through the most visible sign of the body. The body therefore becomes a kind of a ‘literal text’ through which the suffering of the colonized is...
Topic: Rosy Chamling
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Restoring the chastity, life and honour of an endangered beautiful maiden from the hands of a devil or a dragon is a theme that had been utilised throughout the ages in literatures around the globe. In the Middle Ages, following the codes of conduct of chivalry, a knight used to rescue an innocent girl. In the Renaissance period, to describe a „perfect gentleman‟ Ronald Carter and John McRae says that a gentleman embodies “the mediaeval virtues of the knight (the noble warrior), the lover...
Topic: Dialogic
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In “Freud and Lacan”, Althusser enunciates that the Symbolic and the Imaginary “are dominated, governed and marked by a single law, the Law of the symbolic. . . . even the Imaginary . . . is marked and substituted in its dialectic by the dialectic of the Symbolic order itself, i.e. by the dialectic of human order, of the human norm . . . in the order of the signifier itself” (143-144). Lacan‟s Symbolic does not comprise a law in the positive sense; it bears all the differentiating...
Topics: Manifested, Lacanian Reading
The term ecofeminism in India is not popular in the common parlance. But the kind of connections it has made between the lives of women and nature, between ideas of being a woman and being natural, the responsibilities of women towards their immediate environment (includes family), nature are very much present in discourses of media, NGO projects, corporate welfare schemes, academics, common perceptions, in environmental movements/activism and in writings/literature that deal not only with...
Topics: Discourse, Postcolonial
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The last few decades have witnessed a remarkable change in the perspective of women in Indian English fiction. One of the reasons for this altered point of view has been the mass exodus of Indians to the West which posed before them narratives of broken identities and discarded languages amidst the basic difference between the culture of the West and the East. The expatriate writers or their writings have been able to transform the stereotypical sufferings of a woman to an aggressive or...
Topic: Bharati Mukherjee’
This paper envisages the methods of Independent Learning Strategies in acquiring  English language skills whereby English classrooms can be enriched in empowerment rather  than to resort to old rote methods by way of teacher centered paradigm. The shift in English  Language Teaching is paradigmatic in the sense the revamping of earlier methods is the order of the day. With the help of the electronic gadgets available, the methods planned in this  paper are going to be a reality. The authors...
Topics: Empowerment, English Classroom
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The 20th century had witnessed two devastating wars, and mankind has suffered the effects unleashed by the two wars. It is a well-acknowledged fact that the entire world was affected by the effects of the First World War, considered to be one of the largest wars in history. The psychological and physical wounds inflicted upon mankind by the disastrous consequences of the War have provided many writers with the material for their literary works. As literature, fiction in particular, is...
Topic: Innocence
Interpreter of Maladies is a collection of short stories comprised of characters of Indian descent living in the United States, particularly New England. There is a variety of plots within the collection that depicts a diverse society of immigrants. The characters ranging from children who try to make a sense of their home lives versus their school lives, to young adults unsure of being American and their connection to their heritage, and finally older adults who continually struggle to accept...
Topic: Disconcerted
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The conspicuous absence of queer reading of the plays of Mahesh Dattani perhaps consolidates the assumptions that India is a tolerant nation and that urban middle class Indian society of which Dattani gives a potent portrayal in all his plays is inclusive in nature though preferring heterosexuality within marriage. A simplistic usage of the term „queer‟ neglects its complex signification. When applied as a synonym for „gay‟ or „homosexual‟ the term queer fails to do justice to the...
Topic: Muggy Night
Adolescence is a time of new challenges and new opportunities. Some adolescents do not negotiate these challenges positively and develop personal and social problems which lead towards their maladjustment. A study was conducted to find out the adjustment problems among Kashmiri adolescents. It was a descriptive survey study comprising of three hundred adolescents taken from higher secondary schools of three districts of Jammu and Kashmir. From each district 50 adolescent boys and 50 adolescent...
Topic: Kashmiri
Postcolonial‟ is a multifaceted and contentious term. To define it in universally acceptable terms is quite impossible because of the doubt and suspicion allied to this relatively new field of literary studies. The attempt of this paper is to study V. S. Naipaul‟s novel Half a Life to bring forth the underlining beliefs and ideologies responsible for the birth of postcolonial nation-states. The focus is also on understanding the effects of migration and immigration on personal relations....
Topics: Nation-State, V. S. Naipaul’s
It is a common twentieth-century thought that we live in a world that is demystified by the force of technology and by the rationalized thinking that grounds such technology.  In the wake of the attacks of September 11th, many artists struggled with how to respond to the horror. In literature, Don DeLillo was one of the first authors to pose a significant, fictionalized investigation of the day through Falling Man. DeLillo’s works are very much suited to the uncertainties of the time. His...
Topic: Multiplicity
SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH
by B. Shamoondeswari
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In the past three decades, an entirely new subgenre of mystery fiction has evolved in which women wrote about women protagonists concerned with women’s issues.  It was a new voice that allowed woman’s perspective to break through the rigidity of the traditional formula of the sub- genre, detective fiction. This mystery fiction became popular in 1977 with the publication of Marcia Muller’s “Edwin of the Iron Shoes,” the first of the Sharon McCone series.  From then on, women writers...
Topic: Women Detectives
Throughout the world, there is awareness of the fundamental role of the new innovations of modern educational technology in the field of education. The availability of innovations of modern educational technology (internet, interactive whiteboard, E-books, Blog, web. 2.0 tools etc) in Indian market is increasing, yet the fact is the use of such tools in the classroom to be low. The purpose of this study was to examine students’ attitudes towards the innovations of modern educational...
Topic: innovations
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Effective learning is not just a matter of innate intelligence. Learning depends, in part, on the effective use of basic cognitive processes such as memory and attention, the activation of relevant background knowledge, and the deployment of cognitive strategies to achieve particular goals. To ensure that the basic processes are used effectively, that the activated knowledge is indeed relevant, and that appropriate strategies are being deployed, learners also need to have awareness and control...
Topic: Metacognitive Strategy